ferdinand ier bulgarie

The assessment of Tsar Ferdinand’s reign as controversial is due to his ambiguous role in Bulgarian politics. 2001 Bulgaria - £1395.00. by Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson, issued by Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin 2014-10-08. Ferdinand Ier, tsar de Bu... On 5 October 1908 (celebrated on 22 September), Ferdinand proclaimed Bulgaria's de jure independence from the Ottoman Empire (though the country had been basically independent since 1878). [R J Crampton] Born Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. Superbe - NGC AU 58 7.000 / 8.000 (Conference anthology. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. HIS MOTHER WAS THE PRINCESS CLEMENTINE D'ORLEANS DAUGHTER OF THE LAST KING OF FRANCE. The youngest son of Prince Augustus (August) I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Ferdinand was elected prince of Bulgaria on July 7, 1887, as successor to the first ruler of that autonomous principality, Alexander I, who was forced by a In 1908, Ferdinand announced the independence of Bulgaria, which, up until then, had been a feudatory principality of the Ottoman Empire. One factor was the offers of territorial compensation, primarily concerning Macedonia. At the beginning of the First World War, Bulgaria declared its neutrality, but Tsar Ferdinand closely followed the course of military activities and awaited offers from the two warring coalitions. The first conflict among the allies related to the economic exploitation of the occupied territories, and the relationships suffered further as a result of the status of Northern Dobrudzha after the defeat of Romania. (Prices may vary for AK and HI.). The coalition was faced with an internal conflict that threatened its very existence. Bring your club to Amazon Book Clubs, start a new book club and invite your friends to join, or find a club that’s right for you for free. Ferdinand Ier roi de Bulgarie. The image of Tsar Ferdinand in Bulgarian public consciousness is contradictory. Ferdinand Ier, tsar de Bulgarie by Daudet, Ernest, 1837-1921. With the beginning of military action, the Bulgarian monarch gradually took a secondary position. Stefan Marinov Minkov, Konstantin Preslavski University. Towards late summer 1915, the Bulgarian choice to join the Central Powers in the First World War was made by the Bulgarian monarch. Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria was born on February 26, 1861, at the Palais Coburg in Vienna, Austria. At the station in Budapest, however, he was met by the town-major who explicitly informed him that he had an order to not allow him to reach his estates. Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1556, King of Bohemia, Hungary, and Croatia from 1526, and Archduke of Austria from 1521 until his death in 1564. Ferdinand a fost ales Knyaz de Marea Adunare Națională a Bulgariei la 7 iulie 1887 după calendarul gregorian. Ferdinand Maksimilian Karl Leopold Marija Sakskoburggotski. He was blamed for two mistakes, characterized by some historians as fatal, which brought two national catastrophes upon Bulgaria: the Second Balkan War of 1913, and the defeat in the First World War on the side of the Central Powers. Please try again. Lot 315. [488764] Bulgaria, Medal, Ferdinand Ier, Exposition Nationale De Philippopolis Bulgaria Medal - $1,000.00. Bulgarie Ferdinand Ier (1887-1918) 100 leva or - 1894 KB. Ferdinand was known for being quite a character. fwo_572255 - BULGARIA 2 Leva Ferdinand Ier 1891 Kormoczbanya. Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria undoubtedly contributed to the modernization of the country. Germany also offered its assistance with the correction of Bulgaria's borders with the Ottoman Empire and possible territorial gains, mainly at the expense of Greece and Romania. Prince de la maison de Saxe-Cobourg et Gotha, il est élu prince de Bulgarie en 1887 puis prend le titre de tsar des Bulgares en 1908. On the other side, the Entente, particularly the Russian army, suffered considerable losses; on top of that, in the spring of 1915, their Dardanelles operation failed. The Ottoman government made a claim against Bulgaria for compensation in Thrace because of the participation of Turkish armies in the war against Romania. There was no article in the armistice requesting Tsar Ferdinand’s abdication. Prix unitaire net de vente : 520.00 € Année : 1894 Atelier : Kormoczbanya (Kremnica) Qualité : Sup Pureté/titre : 900.00 ‰ Poids : 6.44 g Diamètre : 21 mm Quantité frappée : 100000 Valeur faciale : 20 Leva Pays d'émission : Bulgarie Bulgarie, Ferdinand Ier (1887-1908), 20 Leva or, 1894 Kormoczbanya (Kremnitz).Av. Ferdinand, however, was influenced to a greater extent by his mother, Clémentin… … There was a problem loading your book clubs. Publication date 1917 Topics Ferdinand I, Czar of Bulgaria, 1861-1948 Publisher Paris Attinger Collection robarts; toronto Digitizing sponsor University of Ottawa Contributor Robarts - University of Toronto Language French. Lot 315. Ferdinand Ier, tsar de Bulgarie (French Edition) 1913 Card10stmilitary Hospital Ferdinand left the country by train and headed to his estates in Austro-Hungary. We work hard to protect your security and privacy. Minkov, Stefan Marinov: Ferdinand I, Tsar of Bulgaria , in: 1914-1918-online. is licensed under: CC by-NC-ND 3.0 Germany - Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivative Works. Maleev, Luka: Shestte mi sreshti s kayzer Vilkhelm II, [My six meetings with Emperor Wilhelm II], Sofia 1993, p. 55. Tandis que son président Stefan Stambolov Très rare dans cette qualité. Earlier historical research deemed Tsar Ferdinand "an agent of German imperialism"[1] because he received personal financial compensation for his involvement in the war. View item CDMA (France) Bulgaria: 1.000 Leva 1942 MONASTERY P.61 UNC: 244.82 US$ + 36.11 US$ shipping. At birth, he was Prince Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Koháry, a member of the Catholic Koháry branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Prince de la maison de Saxe-Cobourg et Gotha, il est élu prince de Bulgarie en 1887 puis prend le titre de tsar des Bulgares en 1908.Il abdique et laisse le trône de Bulgarie à son fils aîné … View item M. Oost-Brabant (Netherlands) Français : Ferdinand Saxe-Cobourg (1861 † 1918), Duc de Saxe, Prince de Saxe-Cobourg et Gotha, prince régnant (1887-1908) et Gouverneur général de Roumélie orientale, puis Roi de Bulgarie (1908-1918) sous le nom de Ferdinand Ier, Rare Proof-like Silver 2 Leva Coin. Prince de la maison de Saxe-Cobourg et Gotha, il est élu prince de Bulgarie en 1887, puis prend le titre de tsar des Bulgares en 1908. Please try again. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Get this from a library! Ferdinand Koburg. Something went wrong. The relationship between the two could not be characterized as friendly, as the emperor had expressed his contempt for the Bulgarian monarch on more than one occasion, but the war and the alliance forced them to behave within the bounds of decorum. Ferdinand, however, was influenced to a greater extent by his mother, Clémentine of Orléans (1817–1907), the daughter of Louis Philippe I, King of the French (1773–1850). Ferdinand Ier, tsar de Bulgarie (French Edition) [Daudet, Ernest] on Amazon.com. You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. Bulgaria. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. Bulgaria. DOI: 10.15463/ie1418.10319. / Bourboulon, Robert de: Bŭlgarski dnevnit︠s︡i (Bulgarian diaries), Sofia 1995: IK 'Kolibri', Battles, battlefields and campaigns, Balkan peninsula, August von Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Koháry (1818-1881), Charles I, Emperor of Austria (1887-1922), Louis Philippe I, King of the French (1773-1850). Ferdinand a fost ales Knyaz de Marea Adunare Națională a Bulgariei la 7 iulie 1887 după calendarul gregorian. Ferdinand Ier dit le Grand, (né v. 1016 - mort en 1065), fut roi de Castille (1035-1065), territoire auquel s'ajoutèrent, en 1037, la province de León et, en 1054, celle de Navarre. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Ferdinand I (26 Februar 1861 – 10 September 1948), born Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria o Saxe-Coburg an Gotha, wis the ruler o Bulgarie frae 1887 tae 1918, first as knyaz (prince regnant, 1887–1908) an later as tsar (king, 1908–1918).. Issue. Ferdinand gradually figured out how to rule the country, following the liberal constitution while simultaneously concentrating enormous power in his own hands. 1910, Bulgaria, Ferdinand I. With generous promises he managed to stabilize the shaky position of Radoslavov’s government, which was considered the main supporter of German influence in Bulgaria. Jan 2, 2020 - FERDINAND(1861-1948) PRINCE OF SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA HE WAS RELATED TO ALL THE COURTS IN EUROPE. En effet, bien qu'ils soient cousins, le tsar Alexandre III déteste violemment Alexandre. Ultimately, Tsar Ferdinand and Bulgarian Prime Minister Vasil Radoslavov (1854-1929) determined how Bulgaria would orient itself during the war. October 1917 - NARA - … Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in, Or get 4-5 business-day shipping on this item for $5.99 The emperor awarded Ferdinand an iron cross and a Prussian field-marshal's scepter. Ferdinand Ier, Tsar de Bulgarie (1912). 52 In desperate attempts to prevent Russian occupation of Bulgaria, the throne had been previously offered, before Ferdinand's acceptance, to princes from Denmark to the Caucasus and even to the King of Romania. Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria. Ferdinand Ier, tsar de Bulgarie by Daudet, Ernest, 1837-1921. "[3] In October 1917, Kaiser Wilhelm II paid a visit to Bulgaria, and this time his attitude was completely different. Bulgaria Medaille 1892 Ferdinand Ier, Exposition Nationale de Philippopolis (Plovdiv) MS(63) Coins and Coin Collecting MA-Shops warranty with certified dealers Coins, medals and banknotes from ancient to modern. After the interference of the Ottoman Empire on the side of the Central Powers in the fall of 1914, an alliance with Bulgaria became even more necessary in order to provide a land connection between Germany, Austro-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. Bulgaria's decision to join the war on the side of the Central Powers, however, was the result of a few factors. From early youth he had a passion for natural history ; … It was accepted by Turkey and the other European powers. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Ferdinand I, Tsar of Bulgaria's (1861-1948) mother’s side of the family was linked to two French dynasties, the House of Bourbon and the House of Orléans, and his father’s side can be traced back to the Coburgs and the old Hungarian family of the Koháry. La Chronique de nos Jours, Notes et Souvenirs pour Servir à l'Histoire (1912). Prince regnant of Bulgaria (7 July 1887 - 1908) Tsar of Bulgaria (1908 - 3 October 1918) Vorfahren von Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (4 von 14 Generationen) weniger / mehr Geschwister Bilder Ferdinand Ier de Bulgarie. The government and the king laid claim to Northern Dobrudzha, saying it should be included in the territory of Bulgaria. Bulgaria Medaille 1892 Ferdinand Ier, Exposition Nationale de Philippopolis (Plovdiv) MS(63) Coins and Coin Collecting MA-Shops warranty with certified dealers Coins, medals and banknotes from ancient to … Le 21 août 1886, le prince Alexandre de Battenberg, qui règne sur la principauté de Bulgarie depuis 1879, est chassé du trône par un coup d'État dirigé en sous-main par la Russie. His father, August von Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Koháry (1818–1881), was a general in the Austrian army. At the beginning of September, two treaties and a convention were signed: an allied agreement for the involvement of Bulgaria on the side of the Central Powers, a Bulgarian-Turkish agreement for rectification of the border, and a military convention setting up the parameters of the Bulgarian military intervention. This text Bulgaria, however, remained loyal to the alliance and did not take any actions towards signing a separate peace. Please try again. EX-KING FERDINAND OF BULGARIA, who died recently at Coburg at the age of eighty-seven, was born a prince of Saxe-Coburg Gotha. Ferdinand's reign was characterized by constant and decisive intervention in domestic policy, as well as strong direction of the country's foreign policy. He was chosen as prince of Bulgaria … In mid-September 1918, the armies of the Entente launched an offensive on the Macedonian front and managed to break through the Bulgarian defense. Ferdinand I (Bulgarian: Фердинанд I Български, 26 February 1861 – 10 September 1948), born Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was the ruler of Bulgaria from 1887 to 1918; firstly as knyaz (ruling prince, 1887–1908) and later as tsar (king, 1908–18). Très rare dans cette qualité. Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha. This was a desperate move which did not receive the support necessary, and on 3 October 1918, Tsar Ferdinand abdicated in favor of his son Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria (1894–1943). Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Ferdinand Maksimilian Karl Leopold Marija Sakskoburggotski. View item M. Oost-Brabant (Netherlands) In his throne speech in front of the National Assembly on 27 December 1915 he greeted the victorious Bulgarian armies, and only a month later he met Wilhelm II, German Emperor (1859–1941) in Nish, Serbia. Delivery: 8 - 12 days. Ferdinand arrived in Coburg, Germany on 7 October 1918 and remained there until his death in 1948. Publication date 1917 Topics Ferdinand I, Czar of Bulgaria, 1861-1948 Publisher Paris Attinger Collection robarts; toronto Digitizing sponsor University of Ottawa Contributor Robarts - University of Toronto Language French. Bulgarie Ferdinand Ier (1887-1918) 100 leva or - 1894 KB. During the Kaiser’s visit to Cernavoda, Romania on 21 September 1917, Tsar Ferdinand became, through Wilhelm II's actions, an object of humiliation. Emperor Wilhelm and Czar Ferdinand on the way to the castle. has been added to your Cart. Clémentine transferred her own political ambitions to her son; from a very early age, Ferdinand was taught how to rule. "[2] According to Luka Maleev (1888–1976), aide-de-camp to General Nikola Zhekov (1865–1949), the chief commander of the Bulgarian army: "the face of the tsar was greenish-yellow with strain and spite. Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha. The Bulgarian monarch made a final, unsuccessful, attempt to save his position and the alliance with Germany and suggested that General Aleksandǔr Protogerov (1867–1928) organize a front along the Balkan Mountains. Please try your request again later. === FERDINAND Ier (roi des Bulgares) === Ferdinand Ier est né le 26 février 1861 à Vienne, en Autriche, et mort le 14 août 1948 à Cobourg, en Allemagne. Delivery: 8 - 12 days. Ferdinand accepted, as one of his main objectives, that he would find a solution to this Bulgarian national question. The former monarch personally met Count Leopold Berchtold (1863–1942), who insisted that Ferdinand leave the country. 52 Our payment security system encrypts your information during transmission. Turkeybulgaria Occ. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, ed. Ferdinand Ier, tsar de Bulgarie (French Edition), University of Michigan Library; First Edition (January 1, 1917). Prince de la maison de Saxe-Cobourg et Gotha, il est élu prince de Bulgarie en 1887 puis prend le titre de tsar des Bulgares en 1908. Bulgaria Medal National Order For Civil Merit Early Type With Case Turkeybulgaria Occ. VF. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. Bulgaria 1878-1918 : a history. - $1,000.00. One of Bulgarian society's national ideas was to build a Great Bulgaria, that is a Bulgaria that existed according to the borders set by the preliminary Russo-Turkish treaty signed in San Stefano in the spring of 1878. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. He also elevated Bulgaria to the status of a kingdom, and proclaimed himself tsar, or king. World Coins / Bulgaria, Medal, Ferdinand Ier, Exposition Nationale de Philippopolis (Plovdiv) Javascript must be enabled for VCoins to work properly. In June 1918, Tsar Ferdinand received the resignation of Vasil Radoslavov’s government. Ferdinand Ier roi de Bulgarie. Superbe - NGC AU 58 7.000 / 8.000 In the Second Balkan War of 1913, Bulgaria lost most of the territory gained in the First Balkan War and was forced to cede additional territory to Romania. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. King Ferdinand of Bulgaria (who was actually Hungarian, not a Bulgarian) was born in Vienna, Austria, on Feb. 26, 1861, into the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha family, a prominent branch of the Austro-Hungarian nobility. It appears that Javascript is disabled in your browser, so many features will not function correctly. In desperate attempts to prevent Russian occupation of Bulgaria, the throne had been previously offered, before Ferdinand's acceptance, to princes from Denmark to the Caucasus and even to the King of Romania. Ferdinand Koburg. Ferdinand König der Bulgaren 1861-1948. Delivery: 7 - 10 days. Ferdinand I er (en bulgare : Фердинанд I) est né le 26 février 1861 à Vienne en Autriche et mort le 14 août 1948 à Cobourg en Allemagne.. 2001 Bulgaria Proof Set Of Coins 19th Wog Salt Lake City 2002 The 4 Ramps Rare. His father, August von Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Koháry (1818–1881), was a general in the Austrian army. Bulgaria: Medaille 1892 Ferdinand Ier, Exposition Nationale de Philippopolis (Plovdiv) MS(63) 954.81 US$ free shipping. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Ferdinand I, Tsar of Bulgaria's (1861-1948) mother’s side of the family was linked to two French dynasties, the House of Bourbon and the House of Orléans, and his father’s side can be traced back to the Coburgs and the old Hungarian family of the Koháry. Bulgarian historiography has not made an attempt to free Ferdinand’s image from ideological and emotional deposits by writing a comprehensive biography of the Bulgarian monarch. The modernisation of Bulgaria and Tsar Ferdinand I), Sofia 2011, Markova, Zina (ed.) Bulgarie - 20 Leva - 1894 KB. He contributed to the development of Bulgarian culture, science, and education and also paid special attention to the Bulgarian army and its rearmament. Delivery: 7 - 10 days. Ferdinand König der Bulgaren 1861-1948. Boris III o Bulgarie (18 Januar 1894 – 28 August 1943) mairit Giovanna o Savoy an haed issue. It is not clear, however, whether Tsar Ferdinand was aware of the diplomatic efforts of the government regarding the country’s withdrawal from the war; the same investigation was carried out simultaneously with the new Austro-Hungarian emperor Charles I, Emperor of Austria (1887–1922). Married 20 April 1893 (Thursday), Lucques,55100,Province de Lucques,Toscane,ITALIE,Villa Pianore, to Ferdinand Ier Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria de Bulgarie de SAXE, born 26 February 1861 (Tuesday) - Vienne,AUTRICHE, deceased 10 September 1948 (Friday) - Cobourg,96450,Haute … Knyaz (prince regent) of Bulgaria, 1886–1908; tsar of Bulgaria, 1908–1908, Born 26 February 1861 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, Died 10 September 1948 in Coburg, Germany, Ferdinand I of Bulgaria: Monarch, Statesman, and Politician, Tsar Ferdinand and the Bulgarian Participation in the Great War. Before his accession, he ruled the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburgs in the name of his elder brother, … His name, however, is linked to two national catastrophes: Bulgaria’s participation in the Second Balkan War, and the failure of Bulgarian national ideals during the First World War. The Armistice of Thessaloniki was signed on 29 September 1918. Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1556, King of Bohemia, Hungary, and Croatia from 1526, and Archduke of Austria from 1521 until his death in 1564. Fils du roi Sanche iii de Navarre et de Munia Mayor de Castille, Ferdinand épousa la sœur de Bermude iii, roi de León. We don’t share your credit card details with third-party sellers, and we don’t sell your information to others. Bulgaria: Medaille 1892 Ferdinand Ier, Exposition Nationale de Philippopolis (Plovdiv) MS(63) 954.81 US$ free shipping. This view on the role of Tsar Ferdinand in the Bulgarian history seems surprisingly resistant, see Berov, Lyuben: Novi danni za Ferdinand kato agent na germanskiya imperealizǔm [New information on Ferdinand as an agent of the German imperialism], in: Istoricheski pregled, 6 (1968) and Andreev, Georgi: Koburgite i katastrofite na Bǔlgariya [The Coburgs and the debacles of Bulgaria], Sofia 2005, p. 42. The Bulgarian monarch was passed by with neglect, "as if he was not a monarch, the ruler of this country, but a member of the suite of the Kaiser! Ferdinand Ier (en bulgare : Фердинанд I) est né le 26 février 1861 à Vienne en Autriche et mort le 14 août 1948 à Cobourg en Allemagne. Bulgaria's strategic position and efficient army made the country a desirable ally for both coalitions. Bulgaria 1920's - $1799.99. The role of the government in the decision-making process was supportive, as Tsar Ferdinand always had the power to cause a governmental crisis by installing a like-minded government at the head of the country. He proclaimed himself "tsar" which revived a medieval tradition of the Bulgarian Empire. Ferdinand Ier de Bulgarie. On the other side, an alliance between the Entente and Bulgaria could lead to the defeat of the Ottoman Empire as well as access to the Straits to provide supplies to the poorly-equipped Russian army. View item CDMA (France) Bulgaria: 1.000 Leva 1942 MONASTERY P.61 UNC: 244.82 US$ + 36.11 US$ shipping. The Emperor is greeted by representatives of the city. The Bulgarian Declaration of Independence was proclaimed by him at the Saint Forty Martyrs Church in Turnovo. Prince Regent of Bulgaria from 1887 to 1908, King (Tsar) of Bulgaria from 1908 to 1918. Modernizatsiyata na nova Bǔlgariya i tsar Ferdinand I. The outbreak of the First World War offered Bulgaria new opportunities to solve the national question. The government, led by Malinov, made overtures for the country’s withdrawal from the war. He inherited the military profession as well, graduating from cadet school and serving in the Austrian and Hungarian Hussar regiments. However, the Bulgarian monarch was disappointed with Germany’s policy; the peace treaty with Romania left Northern Dobrudzha under the joint government of the four allied countries, but the German rule, according to the Bulgarians, favored Romanian interests. Ferdinand est le cinquième et dernier enfant du prince Auguste de Saxe-Cobourg-Kohary (1818-1881) et de son épouse Clémentine d'Orléans (1817-1907). Bulgaria 1920's 10 Leva Set Of 2 Abnc Archival Photographic Specimens, Unique. Ferdinand, prince (1887–1908) and first king (1908–18) of modern Bulgaria. August von Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Koháry (1818–1881), Louis Philippe I, King of the French (1773–1850), Charles I, Emperor of Austria (1887–1922), Konferentsiya. La Bulgarie se retrouve alors sans souverain, et sans candidats au trône . Ferdinand I (26/02/1861-10/09/1948) belonged to the family of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and was the grand-son of Louis-Philippe. See more ideas about ferdinand, bulgaria, gotha. Ferdinand Ier de Bulgarie — 1er Tsar de Bulgarie Règne 7 juillet 1887 3 octobr … Wikipédia en Français Ferdinand Fellner — (April 19, 1847 March 22, 1916) was an architect who along with Hermann Helmer (July 13 1849 April 2, 1919) designed several theaters and palaces across Europe in the late 19th century and early 20th … Ce dernier tente de reprendre le pouvoir, mais l'opposition russe et russophile est trop forte et il est contraint d'abdiquer le 7 septembre . There's a problem loading this menu right now. On 14 October 1915, Bulgaria declared war on Serbia and officially entered the war. . Tragédies et Comédies de l'Histoire, Récits des Temps Révolutionnaires (1912). Ferdinand Ier (en bulgare : Фердинанд I) est né le 26 février 1861 à Vienne en Autriche et mort le 14 août 1948 à Cobourg en Allemagne.

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